3. The driver agreement is unlikely to make as much difference. When EU heads of state and government agreed in July on the 1.8 trillion euro package, the European Parliament`s new welcome was put to the test. For MEPs who were elected in 2019 and who did not have much time before the pandemic imposed the normal procedures of the body, the central objective was to show EU citizens and national leaders that the package was not a fait accompli – and that elected legislators could make concessions. One of Parliament`s main requirements was a legally binding timetable for the introduction of new sources of revenue for the bloc`s coffers to ensure that the cost of borrowing for the stimulus fund does not enter into budgetary programmes. The budget agreement between the parties between the leaders of the House of Representatives and the Senate and the Trump administration represents a huge improvement over the deleterious cuts contained in the president`s 2020 budget and provides the security we so desperately need. The agreement increases discretionary funding limits for 2020 and 2021 and suspends the debt ceiling for two years to ensure a strong future for the American people. A1: BBA 2019 is a two-year contract that increases budget limits for both defence and non-defence in GJ 2020 and 2021. As shown in Table 1, the agreement increases the defence ceiling for GJ 2020 by about $90 billion above the previous ceiling of $576 billion and increases the $590 billion ceiling for fiscal 2021 by approximately $81 billion. The agreement increases core spending on both defence and non-defence programs, but not equally over the two years. The increase between this year (2019) and next year (2020) is much greater than that recorded between 2020 and 2021.
The 2020 cap on defence measures will be $666.5 billion, an increase of $19.5 billion over 2019; In 2020, non-defence will increase by $24.5 billion from the $597 billion limit for 2019. However, between 2020 and 2021, the increases are much smaller, with only $5 billion on each side of the budget. What else can we learn from this summer`s budget agreement? Here are four takeaways. A2: BBA 2019 marks the fifth budget agreement to adjust the budget caps imposed by the BCA, starting with the American Taxpayer Relief Act (ATRA) of 2012. As a two-year contract that increases spending limits on defence and non-defence, bbA 2019 follows the model established by three previous agreements: the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 (BBA 2013), the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (BBA 2015) and the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 (BBA 2018). Q2: What is this budget agreement compared to previous financial statements? The coronavirus crisis has made health and research funding one of Parliament`s top priorities in the negotiations. MEPs have received an additional EUR 4 billion in funding for research, bringing the total amount expected for the Horizon Europe research programme in seven years to 84.9 billion euros. In addition, they negotiated an additional 3.4 billion euros for the health programme, for a total of 5.1 billion euros – still far from the 9.4 billion euros previously planned for health spending. Earlier this week, as negotiations on the EU budget broke down, a spokesman tweeted a GIF from a Harry Potter film and begged for patience. After the GJ 2021, there will be no cap on the defence budget and no land. The structure and date of the negotiations that the BCA has put in place since 2011 will no longer exist and Congress will return to order in the budget process.
However, the regular order is something with which the current Congress and the White House have little practice or experience. “The EU has had the opportunity to be at the forefront of a fair and green recovery of the coronavirus pandemic,” said Jeroen Kwakkenbos, Senior Advisor at Oxfam. “However, the consensus reached today is, at best, underestimated. The adopted EU budget is not in line with the Dri