Estimates also indicate that trade between Australia and the United States has declined in the context of AUSFTA implementation, even after controlling for country-specific factors.  Shiro Armstrong also concludes that Australia and the United States have reduced their trade with the rest of the world by $53 billion and are worse off than they would have been without the deal.  The “Rules of Origin” section describes the rules for determining the origin of goods traded for the purpose of determining eligibility and the method of determining the value of goods traded. The United States proposed a free trade agreement with Australia as early as 1945. More recently, the prospect of an Australia-United States has become. The FTA was increased in the 1980s by the Hawke government. In 1991, U.S. President George H.W. Bush refused to begin FTA negotiations with Australia and New Zealand, but was rejected by Australian Labor Party Prime Minister Paul Keating.  Most goods imported into the United States. .