Ano Ang Epekto Ng Sykes Picot Agreement

On the eve of Sykes-Picot`s centenary in 2016, the media[109] and science[110] generated great interest in the long-term effects of the agreement. The agreement is often referred to as an “artificial” border in the Middle East, “without taking into account ethnic or sectarian characteristics, [which] has led to endless conflicts.” [111] The question of the extent to which Sykes-Picot actually marked the borders of the modern Middle East is controversial. [112] [113] The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Entente would succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire in World War I and was part of a series of secret agreements that preferred its division. The main negotiations that led to the agreement took place between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, during which British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot initialled an agreed memorandum. [3] The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916. [4] The memorandum was forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and circulated for notice. [a] On January 16, Sykes informed the Foreign Ministry that he had spoken to Picot and that he thought Paris would agree. An interdepartmental conference was convened by Nicolson on January 21. After the meeting, a final draft treaty was distributed to the cabinet on 2 February, the war committee seized it on the 3rd and finally, at a meeting on the 4th between Bonar Law, Chamberlain, Lord Kitchener and others, the British distributed on 15 September an Aide Memoire (which had been discussed privately two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]), That the British would withdraw their troops to Palestine and Mesopotamia and hand over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Faisal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, Clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] The agreement was conceived and negotiated in the coming months by the countries` diplomats and signed by the Allies between August 18 and September 26, 1917. [38] Russia was not represented in this agreement, because the tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution.

The Franco-English agreement was confirmed in an exchange of letters on 9 and 16 May. [37] On April 21, Faisal set out east. Before breastfeeding, Clemenceau sent a draft letter on April 17 in which the French government said it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments, in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population,” claiming that Faisal had recognized “that France was the qualified power to provide Syria with the assistance of various advisers necessary to put order and achieve the progress demanded by the population. the Syrian people” and, on April 20, Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements towards me during my visit to Paris and must thank you for having been the first to propose the sending of the inter-allied commission that should soon leave for the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples as to the future organization of their country. . . .