(Note: The GFA does not provide details on ceasefire arrangements. However, this does not mean that the ceasefire was not part of the agreement. Before the start of the peace negotiations that led to the agreement, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) announced an armistice on 19 July 19971. The IRA`s commitment to a ceasefire was crucial to the start of peace talks. And once moderate union leader David Trimble, who was the head of Northern Ireland`s largest Protestant party, was persuaded by British Prime Minister Tony Blair not to vote against the government`s proposals to shut down arms in the all-party talks on Northern Ireland, the negotiation process continued.2) The Good Friday Agreement, also known as the Belfast Agreement, was signed on Good Friday, 10 April 1998. It consists of two closely related agreements, the British-Irish Agreement and the Multiparty Agreement. It led to the establishment of a de decentralised system of government in Northern Ireland and the creation of many new institutions such as the Northern Ireland Assembly and Executive, the North-South Ministerial Council and the British-Irish Council. The multi-party agreement required the parties to “use any influence they might have” to bring about the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the agreement`s approval by referendum. The standardisation process committed the BRITISH government to reducing the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society”. These included the removal of security arrangements and the lifting of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland.
The Irish government has committed to a “comprehensive review” of its crimes against state law. The idea of the agreement was to get the two sides to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take certain decisions previously taken by the British Government in London. As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had established Northern Ireland, divided Ireland and claimed a territorial claim over all of Ireland), and the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution, which affirmed a territorial claim to Northern Ireland. 3. The Assembly shall exercise all legislative and executive powers in respect of matters currently within the competence of the six departments of the Government of Northern Ireland, with the possibility of assuming responsibility for other matters described elsewhere in this Agreement. At the same time, the document entitled “UK Withdrawal (`Brexit`) and the Good Friday Agreement” (published by the AFCO Committee in the European Parliament) addresses the issue of the cross-border movement of goods and people with the aim of minimising the need for physical border controls: “If the Irish border is not designed as a blockade for the movement of people/goods, then the question of the effective monitoring of these movements, to allow the application of border controls outside the border itself. »; These institutional arrangements, created in these three areas, are defined in the agreement as “interlocking and interdependent”. .